Mulch is a layer of organic or inorganic material that is spread over the surface of the soil in gardens and landscaped areas. It is used to conserve soil moisture, control weeds, regulate soil temperature, and add organic matter to the soil. There are several types of mulch available, each with its own unique properties and uses.
Organic mulches are made from natural materials such as leaves, wood chips, bark, straw, and compost. They are biodegradable and eventually break down into the soil, adding nutrients and improving soil structure.
Leaf mulch is made from fallen leaves and is an excellent source of organic matter for the soil. It's best used as a top layer of mulch in vegetable gardens, flower beds, and around trees and shrubs. As the leaves break down, they release nutrients into the soil, improving soil fertility and structure.
Wood Chip Mulch
Wood chip mulch is made from chipped or shredded wood, usually from tree trimmings. This is a long-lasting mulch that is best used in large landscape areas and around trees and shrubs. It is also an effective weed suppressant, as it blocks light from reaching the soil and inhibiting the growth of weed seeds.
Bark mulch is made from the outer layer of tree bark and comes in a variety of sizes and colors. Many people consider it an attractive option for landscaped areas, and it also acts as a good weed suppressant.
Bark mulch is slow to decompose, making it a good option for areas where you want to reduce the need for frequent reapplication of mulch.
Straw mulch is made from cereal crop stalks and is best used in vegetable gardens and around newly planted trees and shrubs. It can serve as a weed suppressant, and it provides insulation for the soil.
Compost mulch is made from decomposed organic matter, such as kitchen and yard waste. It is a nutrient-rich mulch that is best used in vegetable gardens and flower beds. As it decomposes, it adds organic matter and nutrients to the soil, improving soil fertility and structure.
Inorganic mulches are made from materials that do not break down into the soil, such as stone, rubber, and plastic. They're long-lasting and often used for their appearance or weed suppression. Inorganic mulches may not be suitable for plants that need a lot of nutrients returned to the soil.